تازه های تحقیق
به تأثیر از الگوهای برخاسته از اندیشههای کاپیتالیستی در گفتمان شهرسازی ایران، منافع فردی و گروهی کاملاً بر منافع جمعی اولویت و تسلط دارد؛ عمده انتقادات مطرح در حوزه کاستیهای نظام شهرسازی کشور، ناشی از عدم رعایت سلسلهمراتب «برنامه» و «طرح» است. تأکید بر تهیه طرحهای جامع برای رفع همه مشکلات شهرها، بر شدت تناقضات افزوده است
عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem Statement: Applying the academic skills to the profession has always been one of the most important concerns of the governments. In addition to establishing a link between the University and the profession, it could direct and give meaning to each of them. This issue has more sensitivity for some specialized disciplines such as the urbanism which has a tangible and comprehensive relationship with everyday life and the social needs of citizens. However, there are some problems in the contemporary Iranian urban discourse whose roots go back to the early years of the emergence of this branch of science, almost simultaneously with the establishment of the Plan and Budget Organization in 1948. Among the discrepancies in this discourse that have caused many disruptions in the urban development have been the contradiction and misunderstanding of the two dominant conceptual-operational paradigms of 'plan' and 'design'.
Objective: The purpose of this article was to explore the roots of this paradoxical inefficiency between the 'plan' and 'design' and to find solutions to overcome these conditions.
Method: In the research process, while posing the conceptual questions at the beginning of the research, using the discourse analysis method and based on the existing experiences in Iran's urbanism with a focus on the comprehensive urban plans and examining the reflection of the academic education in this process, it has been analyzed and critically evaluated.
Result: Findings revealed the factors affecting the process of Iran's urbanism in 10 separate axes. They were reviewed in accordance with the academic education environment of this discipline. These axes were, in fact, categorized and presented as answers to the questions posed at the beginning of the research process.
Conclusion: Most of the criticism raised in the shortcomings of Iran's urban discourse is due to the failure to comply with the hierarchy of "plan" and "design". The emphasis on preparing thecomprehensive plans to address all the problems of the cities has added to the intensity of the existing contradictions.