عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: The environment can create positive and negative emotions in the citizens. An important part of the importance of emotions is due to the impact on people's behaviors. because the extraction of emotional responses is one of the best ways to understand different fields of experience and perception. A descriptive overview of studies has shown that the mechanism of emotional processes in human-environment interaction have not been considered. Detecting the emotions position in the framework of human interaction and the environment in a deeper layer requires the discovery of the emotional mechanism and its relationship with the human-environment interaction, which is the main concern of this research.
Objectives: This research seeks to provide a comprehensive framework for human interaction with the environment by exploring the position and mechanism of emotional processes with the help of complementary study areas.
Method: The research method is qualitative content analysis. In the first step, by comparative analysis of the researches, the initial research model is presented. And then, through the analysis of the content of studies in the field of emotional psychology, the mechanism of emotional processes has been deduced. The final conclusion of the research is to explore the place of the emotional process in the model of human-environmental interaction.
Result: In the proposed framework, it was found that in addition to two cognitive and interpretive processes affecting behavior that occur under the influence of perceptual conditions and environmental and physical conditions, emotional processes occur when a person is in an environment with emotional potential. Which can either remain at the level of emotional perception or lead to emotional experience if motivated by emotional stimuli. Finally, experience or emotional perception can, under the influence of higher-level processes, lead to certain behaviors and feelings in the environment or its emotional evaluation.
Conclusion: The perceived emotional quality of the environment is influenced by both the perceived environmental characteristics and the individual characteristics and can be one of the most important triple behavioral components. This shows the importance of attention to the emotional stimuli of the environment in environmental design and planning.