عنوان مقاله [English]
More than half a century has passed since the first use of models in urban planning. Rethinking over urban modeling based on theoretical view is the gap in contemporary urban studies. Simultaneously, rethinking on modeling thought has been made in natural sciences which is why urban modeling needs to take this necessity into account. Through a historical analysis in the first section, the primary aim is to inform the reader about a debate on model-theory interaction. This debate concludes that without supportive theories, models are meaningless. Then, this paper focuses on the field of urban planning to figure out how the composition of Theory-Model has been shaped over the past decades. Finally, this study offers some advice on how to make the model application successful, constructive and, above all, theoretically oriented more than it had been within the urban planning discipline and practice in the past. This paper is documentary research on Macroscale which stays away from applied researches. Also, through a systematic literature review covering Deutsch’s work in 1951 until today, the paper theoretically studied urban modeling and periodically classified them. Based on the critical review, we found that a new definition of urban models is needed to tie them to theories and phenomena. So, rethinking should begin with a reconsideration of the urban model definition. An urban model is a bridge between urban phenomena and planning theories. Also, models are not tools to serve theories any more. In addition, papers’ results introduce urban modeling as expertise rather than an instrumental skill. Also, Theory is the spirit of the model’s body. If theory loses its incredibility, there would be no chance for a model to survive.
Urban modeling, Phenomenon, Theory, Model, Interaction
• Models are not tools in serve of Theory but a link between Theory and Phenomenon
• Requiem for those models which have lost their theories