نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجو دکترا جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران
2 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه گیلان
3 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری دانشگاه تهران، تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: Urban spaces are the arena of discourse of social classes, and the function of these spaces becomes clear to the various residents of the city in three basic moments: perceived, conceived and lived; The second-conceptual space of the city is the imagined or representation of the city space; this space is in the study of mental maps called the "conceived space" as the second dimension in the study of mental maps that has been considered.
Objectives: In this study, this space is explored in the mental map of the residents of the formal settlements in the District 1 and residents of the informal settlements in the District 4 of Rasht
Method: According to the nature of the subject; the method of data collection included "oral interview and field observation"; The types of information collected included: sketch maps, face-to-face conversations, note-taking and photography. To analyze the qualitative data of the research, the qualitative GIS (QGIS) mapping methods under the analysis of oral history to visual narration with the technique of spatial Kernel Density have analyzed the second-conceptual space in the mental maps of two urban classes.
Result: The results of the research indicate that in the second-conceptual space of Rasht; a conceptual space reconstruction by the public sector with the role of mediator of urban capitalists in favor of the urban middle class is taking place in the conceptual context of the city. The mechanism of production conceptual space of Rasht city in order to attract the capitalists especially in the central part and development of the service sector in the center and north, and the decline of the manufacturing sector on the suburbs of the city.
Conclusion: The urban space is based on a kind of social relations of urban classes that are built and used by the ruling powers. Relationships that are defined in terms of the prevailing ideology and are produced and reproduced through spatial planning policies.