نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه آموزشی شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
2 گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
3 گروه برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی(ره) قزوین، قزوین، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
For over a century, the subject of Islamic city has been systematically considered by various researchers for various purposes. This study aims to investigate the quiddity of an Islamic city and the urban planning needs based on it. The research data is qualitative and in the data collection, the library method has been used. Content analysis and meta-analysis methods have been used in the analysis of the findings. The results of the research indicate that after the documentary studies, the studies conducted in the Islamic city so far can be classified into four main categories: The physical aspect of the Islamic city, the social nature of the Islamic city, the governance and management of the Islamic city and the relation of philosophy of Mulla Sadra and the justice aspect of the Islamic city. Secondary concepts of the physical dimension include mosque-orientation, introversion, neighborhood- orientation, and naturalism, which include 11 primary concepts and 50 primary codes. Secondary concepts of social nature include social security, civic ethics, social supervision, social participation, social justice, social duties, strong social interactions, neighborhood, which includes 7 concepts and 50 primary codes. Secondary concepts of governance and management include divine sovereignty, Islamic management and economic prosperity, which includes 6 concepts and 28 primary codes. Secondary concepts of Mulla Sadra's Islamic philosophy and social justice include utopia policies and leadership, citizen participation, utopian justice, and physical dimensions, which include 4 concepts and 9 primary codes. The results of the analyzes show that none of the mentioned discussion groups can explain the nature and meaning of the Islamic city in a testable way for various possibilities of place and time, lonely. The Islamic city does not have an absolute nature and has a relative nature. Based on justice, cities can move towards becoming more Islamic during their degrees of perfection.